This is where a new generation of near-field ribbons, like the N22, come into play. The mic’s internal design creates a balanced treble and bass ratio at a much closer distance to the source. The near-field N22 contains a built-in mechanical high-pass filter that allows users to place the mic right up against an instrument. This is all done without an EQ circuit. It naturally reduces proximity effect while also avoiding the room tone that can cause problems in smaller spaces or iso booths.
Naturally rolling off the low-end before it hits the ribbon creates a much different sound than rolling off the low-end with EQ. Sometimes, proximity effect can be so strong that it obscures the midrange which can be extremely difficult to fix. We always recommend trying to get your final sound by selecting the right mic and moving it to the right position.
Unlike far-field ribbon mics, the N22’s optimal distance for miking is between one and 18 inches (2 cm – 0.5 meters). This makes it perfect for electric guitar and bass cabs, kick drum, acoustic guitar and, of course, vocals. Because the midrange and top-end are not obscured by proximity effect, it also alleviates the need to blend an additional dynamic mic to add more bite.
For engineers accustomed to using other ribbon mics, the idea of positioning the N22 right against a guitar cab can take some getting used to. Any further away than a foot and the N22 may sound like it is actually lacking bass. So knowledge is king when using it.
How To Choose The Right Mic For You
The first thing to decide is how much room tone and natural ambience you want in your recordings. This is directly linked to how close your mic is positioned to the source — the closer to the source you place your mic, the more direct sound and less room tone will be captured. The further from the source you place your mic, the less direct sound and the more room tone will be recorded.
If you are looking for a more direct sound with a minimal amount of room tone, the N22 is a great first option. Because it has less proximity effect, it allows you to get right up against the source while still retaining a balanced sound.
The N22 sounds perfectly balanced at about 2 inches (5 cm) away from a guitar amp. Because the front side of the mic is placed very close to a loud source, the mic does not capture much room tone. This is perfect for engineers who want the pure sound of the instrument with limited ambience. It is also a solution for people who are in less than ideal rooms allowing them to achieve a balanced sound without adding any unwanted room tone.
Listen to the N22 on Electric Guitar
The N8 is also a fantastic choice for guitar amps, but sounds much more balanced at about a foot away from the source. At this distance, the mic will pick up more room tone than the N22. From a foot away (0.3 meters), it will not be an overwhelming amount of room tone, but it is enough to sound different than positioning it right up against the source. Depending on the sound you’re going for, a little room tone can make your recordings sound very natural.
Listen to the N8 on Electric Guitar
Breaking The “Rules”
Think of microphones like artist’s paint brushes, each a magic wand with specific attributes that allows the painter to weave different colors across a canvas. The more experienced the artist becomes with the special nature of each brush, the more proficient they are at creating increasingly subtle art.
Now, that we’ve told you how these two microphones were designed, it should be noted that all rules can and should be broken when its right for your situation.
Steve Albini loves the N8 on electric guitars while Wilco’s favorite electric guitar mic is the N22. Mick Conley favors the N22 on overheads and Chris Koltay uses N8s both live and in the studio on overheads. In the end, what matters is the tone each artist is trying to capture. There are no application rules with any AEA mic (other than don’t use them to record canned air to emulate Joy Division’s hi-hat sound).
Each AEA microphone is a specific artistic tool engineered for a palette of uses. The best way to find out which microphone works best for you is to try them and experiment with the model right for your situation. Fortunately, the N22 and N8 are accessible and low enough in cost to work side-by-side.